• R.D. Lieberman,Consultant

Civilian Board Diverges from Armed Services Board on Filing Appeals With Contracting Officer

Although the Armed Services Board of Contract Appeals (“ASBCA”) and the Postal Service Board of Contract Appeals (“PSBCA”) accept appeals that are filed with the Contracting Officer (not the Board) within 90 days, the Civilian Board of Contract Appeals (“CBCA”) considers only appeals filed with the Board within 90 days. Mahavir Overseas v. Agency for Int’l Dev., CBCA 6704, Dismissed June 16, 2020.

Mahavir filed a notice of appeal of its Contracting Officer’s decision on a government claim, but the filing was more than 90 days after Mahavir received the Contracting Officer’s decision. It is interesting to note that the decision notified Mahavir that it could appeal this decision to the agency board of contract appeals within 90 days of receipt of the decision, or within a year at the Court of Federal Claims. The decision did not specifically name the CBCA as the relevant board or provide an address or contact information for the CBCA. Approximately 75 days after receiving the decision, Mahavir asked the USAID contracting officer for the name and contact information of the Board. The Contracting Officer did not respond until 91 days after receipt, or after the time to appeal to the CBCA has passed.

The Board notified Mahavir that its notice of appeal was filed more than 90 days after receiving the contracting officer’s decision, and that untimeliness bars the CBCA from considering the merits. The CBCA considers the 90 days to be jurisdictional, citing Cosmic Const. Inc. v. United States, 697 F. 2d 1389 (Fed. Cir. 1982).

Mahavir asserted that it sent a notice of appeal to the contracting officer prior to the appeal deadline had passed. However, the CBCA noted that only a filing at the CBCA Board was acceptable. The decision notes that “[a]lthough other boards may view contracting officers for the agencies they serve as ‘agents’ for the purpose of accepting appeal notices on those boards’ behalf [citations omitted], the unique independent position of the CBCA, which hears disputes involving numerous agencies of which the Board is neither an affiliated department nor an organization, precludes us from doing so”.

The CBCA dismissed the appeal for lack of jurisdiction.

Takeaway. While the ASBCA and PSBCA will consider an appeal “filed” if it is received by the Contracting Officer within 90 days, that is not the case at the CBCA. An appeal notice to the CBCA can be a one line filing—so it is easy to make it within 90 days of your receipt of the Contracting Officer’s decision.

For other helpful suggestions on government contracting, visit:

Richard D. Lieberman’s FAR Consulting & Training at https://www.richarddlieberman.com/, and Mistakes in Government Contracting at https://richarddlieberman.wixsite.com/mistakes.

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The website of Richard Donald Lieberman, a government contracts consultant and retired attorney who is the author of both "The 100 Worst Mistakes in Government Contracting" (with Jason Morgan) and "The 100 Worst Government Mistakes in Government Contracting." Richard Lieberman concentrates on Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) consulting and training, including  commercial item contracting (FAR Part 12), compliance with proposal requirements (FAR Part 15 negotiated procurement), sealed bidding (FAR Part 14), compliance with solicitation requirements, contract administration (FAR Part 42), contract modifications and changes (FAR Part 43), subcontracting and flowdown requirements (FAR Part 44), government property (FAR Part 45), quality assurance (FAR Part 46), obtaining invoiced payments owed to contractors,  and other compliance with the FAR. Mr.Lieberman is also involved in numerous community service activities.  See LinkedIn profile at https://www.linkedin.com/in/richard-d-lieberman-3a25257a/.This website and blog are for educational and information purposes only.  Nothing posted on this website constitutes legal advice, which can only be obtained from a qualified attorney. Website Owner/Consultant does not engage in the practice of law and will not provide legal advice or legal services based on competence and standing in the law. Legal filings and other aspects of a legal practice must be performed by an appropriate attorney. Using this website does not establish an attorney-client relationship. Although the author strives to present accurate information, the information provided on this site is not guaranteed to be complete, correct or up-to-date.  The views expressed on this blog are solely those of the author. FAR Consulting & Training, Bethesda, Maryland, Tel. 202-520-5780, rliebermanconsultant@gmail.com

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