• R.D. Lieberman,Consultant

Final Decision Must Solely Assert Fraud to Defeat Board Jurisdiction

The Armed Services Board of Contract Appeals refused to dismiss appeals for lack of jurisdiction where the government had argued that the final decisions of the contracting officer were invalid because the decision’s basis for denying the claims purportedly was a suspicion of fraud. PROTEC, GMBH, ASBCA Nos. 61161 et al., March 20, 2018. The Board found that a suspicion of fraud was not the basis of the final decisions, that there were other bases for denying the claims, and therefore the Board had jurisdiction to consider the appeals.

PROTEC submitted a certified claim regarding its Contractor Performance Assessment Reporting System (“CPARS”) evaluation, which rated its performance as unsatisfactory. The government also refused to pay certain PROTEC invoices, and PROTEC submitted a second and third claim for the unpaid invoices. The contracting officer issued a final decision that addressed both the CPARS evaluation and the unpaid invoice claims together. The contracting officer’s final decision never mentioned that the claims were denied based upon a suspicion of fraud, or even mentioning fraud or false statements. PROTEC appealed these denials to the Board. However, the contracting officer reported his suspicion of fraud to the Army Criminal Investigation command, whose investigation was on-going.

The government asserted that the contracting officer did not have authority to issue the final decision because he knew that PROTEC was under investigation for fraud at the time the decision was issued. Therefore, said the government, the final decision was a nullity and the Board did not have jurisdiction over the appeal.

The Board rejected this argument, stating that the final decisions were not based upon—let alone solely based on—a suspicion of fraud, so they were valid. The Board noted that the contracting officer’s authority “to decide or resolve claims does not extend to…[t]he settlement, compromise, payment or adjustment of any claim involving fraud.” FAR 33.210(b). Instead, if there is evidence of misrepresentation of fact or fraud by the contractor, the contracting officer shall refer the matter to the agency official response for investigating such fraud. FAR 33.209. The Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit has ruled that a final decision is only invalid if it is based solely upon a suspicion of fraud. Daff v. United States, 78 F. 3d 1566, 1572 (Fed. Cir. 1996). Daff held that even if one reason for denying a claim was suspicion of fraud, if another reason is a failure to perform according to the contract terms, this is a rationale the contracting officer was authorized to assert.

The Board noted that the final decision on PROTEC’s claims were not even based on a suspicion of fraud—nothing stated there was intentional falsification or fraud. The mere fact of an ongoing criminal investigation was insufficient to divest the Board of its jurisdiction. Note that a final contracting officer’s decision or a “deemed denial” is a prerequisite for Board jurisdiction under the Contract Disputes Act.

The Takeaway: If a contracting officer suspects fraud, he or she should not issue a final decision on a claim, but simply refer the matter to the agency’s official that is responsible for investigating fraud.

For other helpful suggestions on government contracting, visit:

Richard D. Lieberman’s FAR Consulting & Training at https://www.richarddlieberman.com/, and Mistakes in Government Contracting at https://richarddlieberman.wixsite.com/mistakes/.

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The website of Richard Donald Lieberman, a government contracts consultant and retired attorney who is the author of both "The 100 Worst Mistakes in Government Contracting" (with Jason Morgan) and "The 100 Worst Government Mistakes in Government Contracting." Richard Lieberman concentrates on Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) consulting and training, including  commercial item contracting (FAR Part 12), compliance with proposal requirements (FAR Part 15 negotiated procurement), sealed bidding (FAR Part 14), compliance with solicitation requirements, contract administration (FAR Part 42), contract modifications and changes (FAR Part 43), subcontracting and flowdown requirements (FAR Part 44), government property (FAR Part 45), quality assurance (FAR Part 46), obtaining invoiced payments owed to contractors,  and other compliance with the FAR. Mr.Lieberman is also involved in numerous community service activities.  See LinkedIn profile at https://www.linkedin.com/in/richard-d-lieberman-3a25257a/.This website and blog are for educational and information purposes only.  Nothing posted on this website constitutes legal advice, which can only be obtained from a qualified attorney. Website Owner/Consultant does not engage in the practice of law and will not provide legal advice or legal services based on competence and standing in the law. Legal filings and other aspects of a legal practice must be performed by an appropriate attorney. Using this website does not establish an attorney-client relationship. Although the author strives to present accurate information, the information provided on this site is not guaranteed to be complete, correct or up-to-date.  The views expressed on this blog are solely those of the author. FAR Consulting & Training, Bethesda, Maryland, Tel. 202-520-5780, rliebermanconsultant@gmail.com

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