Civil False Caims Act Qui Tam Statistics
The Federal Government in Fiscal Year 2019 recovered more than $3 billion in Civil False Claims Act settlements and judgments. This included $844 million in non-Qui Tam amounts and $2.2 billion in Qui Tam amounts. The relator’s share in FY 2019 amounted to $272 million.
Note: The False Claims Act Amendments of 1986 provide civil liability for federal government contractors that have defrauded government programs. This law includes a Qui Tam provision that permits whistleblowers (called "relators" under the law—including those employed by the contractor who defrauded the government), to file lawsuits on behalf of the government. Whistleblowers may receive a portion of the recoveries, generally 15-30 per cent, depending on certain factors in the litigation. (Qui tam is an abbreviation of the Latin phrase qui tam pro domino rege quam pro se ipso in hac parte sequitur which means "he who brings a case on behalf of our lord the King, as well as for himself").
The following table shows Qui Tam Settlements and Judgments by Federal agency since the law was strengthened in 1986.
Qui Tam Settlements and Judgments ($Billions)
FY 1987-2019 Relator Share Awards
Health and Human Services 34.0 5.7
Department of Defense 3.5 0.6
Non-HHS or DOD 7.3 1.1
All Federal Agencies 44.7 7.4 (17%)
Memo: FY 2019 All agencies
(included in the above) (2.2) (0.3)
Takeaway. The numbers in the recoveries are very large. The Civil False Claims Act is generally said to be the federal Government's primary litigation tool in combating fraud against the Government.
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